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Historically batik has recognized since the century of XVII, come from ancestors
epoch written and painted at palm leaf. At the moment motif
of batik was dominated with animal form and crop. But nowdays,
the development of batik is in a long a progress, that is
from animal painting patterns and crop by degrees change over
at abstraction motif looking like cloud, temple relief, puppets
of beber etcetera. Hereinafter, the combine of painting's
pattern and clothes frieze art resulted batik drawn as we
The type and pattern of traditional batik is various kind.
But the variation of pattern is according to each culture
and philosophy which is many kind. The variety culture in
Indonesia has supported the born of kind batik in tradisioanal
type and pattern there has own specialty and characteristic.
Growth of Batik in Indonesia
The history of Batik in Indonesia was related to Majapahit
Kingdom and after. Batik has develoved in the empire of Mataram,
and the kingdom of Solo and Yogyakarta.
Artistry of batik represent artistry of picture above cloth
for clothes becoming one of the culture of Indonesia epoch
king family first. In the beginning batik was done in limited
just in palace and the result is for the king's clothes and
family and also its follower. Because of many follower of
king which's kept out palace. So, the art of batik was brought
by them gone out palace and done in their place.
Soon and later, in development of batik was imitated
by closest people and spread out to be worked by of
woman in it's household to fill spare time. Hereinafter,
batik which is the beginning to be the families king
clothes, later become the clothes for common people,
women and men are wear of it.
White materials which was used at that time was resulted
of homespun. While the colour of materials are used
the original flora made by our selt for Indonesia,
example : tree of mengkudu, tinggi, soga, nila and
it's soda materials is made from dusty soda, and also
it's salt is made from mud.
So, Indonesian's batik has been recognized since Majapahit
kingdom and development fill next empire. For the strarting
to spread up the batik art to common people and specially
Java's tribe is after the end of century or early century
of XIX. The last product of batik was batik drawn (batik tulis)
until the XX century, the stamp's batik (batik cap) has begun
familiar after the first word war or about a year 1920. Nowadays,
batik have become part traditional Indonesian textile.
Batik of Pekalongan
Though there was not official record note when batik begun
to be recognized in Pekalongan, but for the estimation batik
in Pekalongan about year 1800. Hereinafter the industrial
and commerce department not was that batik pattern was exist
in 1802, like small tree pattern in the form of clothes materials.
But the important development was estimated to happene after
a big war in year 1825-1830 in empire of Mataram which is
often referred to the war of Diponegoro or war of Java. By
breaking this war pushed on palace family and also all it's
follower to leave their kingdom. Then they spread out to eastern
and western part. Then in the new area, all family and his
follower developed batik.
To eastern, Solo and Yogyakarta batik completed batik pattern
which has been in Mojokerto and also Tulungagung till spreading
out to Gresik, Surabaya and Madura. While in the west, batik
expanded in Banyumas, Kebumen, Tegal, Cirebon and Pekalongan.
By this, Pekalongan's batik which has existed to expand.
Nowdays, Batik of Pekalongan grown faster than other area.
In this area batik spread out coastal area, that was in Pekalongan
town area, Buaran, Pekajangan and also Wonopringgo.
The development of printed technique of culture by using wax
above cloth which is later referred as batik, cannot be separated
from the influence of that nations. It's discribe the flexing
The meet of society of Pekalongan with various nation
like Chinese, Dutch, Arab, India, Malaysia and Japan
at past epoch have coloured dynamics at motif and
arrange artistic colour of batik.
Referring to that kind of batik design type resulted
of influence from various the state which is later
known as the identity of Pekalongan's batik. That
motif, batik of Jlamprang, inspired from Country India
and Arab. Last of batik of Encim and Klengenan, influenced
by is halfblooded of Chinese. Batik of Dutch, batik
of pagi sore, and batik of Hokokai, grew fast since
occupying of Japan.
Batik of Pekalongan become very typical because fully supported
to hundreds of small entrepreneur not to a litle entrepreneur
which have big capital. Since tens past year until now, most
of the process of Pekalongan's batik produced in houses. As
a result, batik of Pekalongan one sliverring with life of
society of Pekalongan which nowadays divided in two administrative
territory, namely Municipality of Pekalongan and sub-province
Ebb growth of batik of Pekalongan, describing that Pekalongan
is deserve to become icon to growth of batik in Indonesia.
Icon to the art which have never given up with growth of epoch
and dynamic always. Nowadays batik has become breath of life
daily of Pekalongan and represented one of the pre-eminent
product. That thing is caused to the hurge of industry batik
product. For the famous with it's batik product, Pekalongan
is famous for BATIK TOWN. That epithet come from an sufficient
tradition taking root in Pekalongan. During long period, the
various character, usefulness of manner, device type, and
also quality of batik determined by climate and existence
of local fibres, histories factor, commerce and readiness
of it's society in accepting understanding and new idea.
Batik is representing cultural art which admired by world,
among kinds tradition which yielded with technology dye to
hamper, none could show beautiful as and as smooth as batik
Kadipaten RT.05 RW.03
No.33 Kec. Wiradesa - Pekalongan - Jawa Tengah